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【评论】心中的阳光

2013-05-29 17:13:57 来源:艺术家提供作者:齐喆
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  郑爽2007年在中国美术馆的个展叫做《在那没有冬天的地方》,广州当然也有冬天,广州还很喧闹、拥挤,有时会有灰霾,又潮湿,但艺术家就是善于营造自己的一片心理疆土,只要心中有阳光,眼里自然一片明媚。郑爽爱阳光,于是她的生命里就遍布阳光,郑爽爱花草,她的生命里就繁花似锦,郑爽爱小猫,她身边就围绕着8只小猫。心有明灯,眼光清净,为人自然真诚坦然,作画自然张弛有度,而身边的人,也能感受到她的作品带来的温暖祥和与平静淡然。

  让那么平凡的花草、小猫在画面中焕发出生命的大美与尊严是一件很不容易的事,郑爽做到了。郑爽出身满清最显赫的家族,在她的人生中经历过大富贵,也遭受过大磨难,但她却始终以乐观、真诚的态度面对社会和人生,她真诚做人,也真诚地画画,画自己喜爱的东西,按自己喜欢的方式去画,不画虚伪的画,也不说虚假的话,因此,熟悉郑爽的人都会觉得她的画就是她的人,是诚实的发自郑爽内心的心底话。她说:“我自知做不了大树,我只是路边的小草、野花。”殊不知这路边小草和野花偏偏带出了大格局、大趣味,她将自己的人格和气质在画中融合,升华为朴素但感人的艺术力量,小小的画面中偏不是小情趣、小格调,画面中蕴含着极大的能量和张力,总能让观众一看再看,爱不释手。她的画并不是单纯对自然物的摹仿,而是经过主观的概括、提炼,机智巧妙地分版套色,苍润兼济的水分控制,以及对纸张肌理、木板纹路的细微感受,做了许多内在工夫但又蕴藉内敛,在不动声色间一步步形成了属于郑爽的绘画语言。不追求视觉上当下的刺激,而是探讨趣味的隽永绵长,在水色氤氲中大家格局尽显,气度非凡。

  艺术本质上是一种生命尊严感提升的过程,一花一草,众生万物皆有平等的尊严。作品可以说话,在那个以人物为唯一创作主流题材的年代,郑爽硬是靠一己之力扭转了人们对题材大小的偏见,《黑牡丹白牡丹》也可是大国之花,《邻家的猫》未必比不上石兽骏马,大树固然伟岸,小花小草也有其生机盎然的动人之处。以小见大,在平凡琐屑之物中展现朴实庄严之美,这是大艺术家的作为。

  艺术又是心灵转换的过程,是“你”“我”之间心灵交流的过程,是人和自然万物的交相呼应,不用强加什么深沉的哲思,《绣球花》的丝丝清香,《清晨》上的几滴露水,《仲夏之夜》中的一缕清风,《后院》中的几束阳光,《猫妈妈和她的孩子》中的护犊之爱,《都是好猫》中的憨态可掬,无不在一片诗情画意的宁静祥和中拨动着观者的心弦。

  1963年,郑爽告别给予她无限关爱的李桦、古元、黄永玉等诸位先生,远离自己求学10年的中央美术学院,一路南下,风华正茂的她来到了广州,一晃已经50年。广州何其有幸,广美何其有幸,拥有了这样一位才华横溢、真诚美好、拥有大爱的艺术家;郑爽又是何其幸运,在这块中国最开放、生机无限的亚热带土地上迎来了新时期的机遇,她一如岭南花木般吸吮水分,毫无拘束地肆意生长,终究打造出了一片属于自己的艺术疆域,在这里,花叶是美的,露水清风是美的,小猫是美的,刻制是美的,印痕是美的,一切都是这般美好,这里就是属于郑爽的心灵家园,而这一切的美好,皆因创造它们的主人——郑爽的心中永远是阳光普照、花叶繁茂的。

齐喆(广州美术学院副教授 硕士研究生导师)

Inner Light

  In the year 2007, Zheng Shuang held her solo exhibition entitled Where There Is No Winter at The China National Museum of Fine Art.  Here in Guangzhou, winter certainly exists. In fact, it is often noisy, crowded and occasionally hazy and damp. Yet artists are always quite skilled at creating a piece of land of their own, and so when there is light from within, everything else brightens up. Zheng Shuang loves sunshine and light fulfills her life. She loves flowers and so they bloom in plenty. She also loves cats, so she surrounds with 8 lovely kittens. One can easily feel the warmth and tranquility of her works, reflecting the sincerity of the artist herself.

  Born into one of China's most prominent families, the last imperial family of the Qing Dynasty, Zheng Shuang has experienced perhaps the most significant transformations and changes of our times. Still, her optimistic and sincere attitude towards the society and life has not changed. And she paints as she always has -- truthfully and wholeheartedly.

  After 10 years of study at the China Central Academy of Fine Arts, in 1963, Zheng Shuang bid farewell to her caring teachers, which included Li Hua, Gu Yuan and Huang Yongyu. She travelled south, settled down in Guangzhou and spent 50 years here, the most vigorous time of her life. Guangzhou and the Academy are grateful to have such a talented artist and so is Zheng Shuang, for being part of China's first open window to the outside world, and for being able to embrace all the possiblities in creating this piece of land of her own; a piece of land both beautiful and full of sunshine, as it is in her heart.

Qi ZHE

Associate Professor, Guangzhou Academy of Fine Art

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